Herbs with botanical names epub download

  1. The names of the herbs
  2. Article Information
  3. New Look to Phytomedicine
  4. [PDF Download] American Herbal Pharmacopoeia: Botanical Pharmacognosy…

Botany: Medicinal Plants, Herbals Blackwell, Elizabeth, A curious herbal, [2vols .] Bombay, PDF Kindle EPub, Free, UCalifornia . hand-book of common local, English, botanical & pharmacopial names. the crude vegeta, Bost. Punjab plants, comprising botanical and vernacular names, and uses of most of the trees, shrubs, and herbs of economical value, growing within the Province: intended as a hand-book for officers and EPUB download. The names of the herbs. by: Turner, William, ; Royal College of Physicians of London. Publication date: Topics: Botany. Publisher: London English.

Language:English, Spanish, Portuguese
Published (Last):09.07.2016
Distribution:Free* [*Sign up for free]
Uploaded by: ROSENDO

59599 downloads 139824 Views 36.60MB ePub Size Report

Herbs With Botanical Names Epub Download

ties, adverse reactions and reported drug-herb interactions. In this era of Cross listings of the scientific names and common names, and vice. Read {PDF Epub} Download Aromatherapy and Herbal Remedies f by Demetria Demetria provides the botanical name of each herb so it can be identified. [PDF Download] American Herbal Pharmacopoeia: Botanical Pharmacognosy - Microscopic Characterization of Botanical Medicines Read.

Due to extreme geographical and climatic conditions, Pakistan has a great floral diversity. Plants have been used by the indigenous people for treatment of different ailments since long. They are still dependent on the plants for their domestic purposes. Moreover, plants are used as first aid to treat diverse ailments such as cold, cough, influenza, asthma, cancer, antidote, gastric and hepatic disorders. The traditional uses of medicinal plants lead to the discovery of natural drugs. This is first quantitative ethnobotanical documentation of medicinal plants in NavaPind and ShahpurVirkan district Sheikhupura, province Punjab, Pakistan. Methods This ethnobotanical information was collected from about informants including male and female. Sample size was determined by statistical formula. The informative data was based on semi-structured interviews, group discussions, Questionnaire and field visits. Results Almost 96 plants belonging to 34 families were reported. Most-frequently cited families were Poaceae 16 species and Fabaceae 15 species.

The drug has the potential to act as antidiabetic as well as antihyperlipidemic [ 33 ]. Capparis decidua This is found throughout India, especially in dry areas. This extract also reduced alloxan induced lipid peroxidation significantly in erythrocytes, kidney and heart. Coccinia indica Dried extracts of Coccinia indica C.

These extracts restored the activities of enzyme lipoprotein lipase LPL that was reduced and glucosephosphatase and lactate dehydrogenase, which were raised in untreated diabetics [ 36 ].

Eugenia jambolana: Indian gooseberry, jamun In India decoction of kernels of Eugenia jambolana is used as household remedy for diabetes. This also forms a major constituent of many herbal formulations for diabetes. Antihyperglycemic effect of aqueous and alcoholic extract as well as lyophilized powder shows reduction in blood glucose level.

The names of the herbs

This varies with different level of diabetes. The extract of jamun pulp showed the hypoglycemic activity in streptozotocin induced diabetic mice within 30 min of administration while the seed of the same fruit required 24 h. The oral administration of the extract resulted in increase in serum insulin levels in diabetic rats. Insulin secretion was found to be stimulated on incubation of plant extract with isolated islets of Langerhans from normal as well as diabetic animals.

These extracts also inhibited insulinase activity from liver and kidney [ 37 ]. Mangifera indica: Mango The leaves of this plant are used as an antidiabetic agent in Nigerian folk medicine, although when aqueous extract given orally did not alter blood glucose level in either normoglycemic or streptozotocin induced diabetic rats.

However, antidiabetic activity was seen when the extract and glucose were administered simultaneously and also when the extract was given to the rats 60 min before the glucose. The results indicate that aqueous extract of Mangifera indica possess hypoglycemic activity. This may be due to an intestinal reduction of the absorption of glucose [ 38 ].

Article Information

Momordica charantia: bitter gourd Momordica charantia is commonly used as an antidiabetic and antihyperglycemic agent in India as well as other Asian countries. Extracts of fruit pulp, seed, leaves and whole plant was shown to have hypoglycemic effect in various animal models. Polypeptide p, isolated from fruit, seeds and tissues of M. Ethanolic extracts of M. This may be because of inhibition of glucosephosphatase besides fructose-1, 6-biphosphatase in the liver and stimulation of hepatic glucosephosphate dehydrogenase activities [ 40 ].

Ocimum sanctum: holy basil It is commonly known as Tulsi. Since ancient times, this plant is known for its medicinal properties. The aqueous extract of leaves of Ocimum sanctum showed the significant reduction in blood sugar level in both normal and alloxan induced diabetic rats [ 41 ]. Significant reduction in fasting blood glucose, uronic acid, total amino acid, total cholesterol, triglyceride and total lipid indicated the hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of tulsi in diabetic rats [ 42 ].

This plant also showed antiasthemitic, antistress, antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antitumor, gastric antiulcer activity, antioxidant, antimutagenic and immunostimulant activities. Phyllanthus amarus: bhuiawala It is a herb of height up to 60 cm, from family Euphorbiaceae. It is commonly known as Bhuiamala. It is scattered throughout the hotter parts of India, mainly Deccan, Konkan and south Indian states.

Traditionally it is used in diabetes therapeutics. Methanolic extract of Phyllanthus amarus was found to have potent antioxidant activity. This extract also reduced the blood sugar in alloxanized diabetic rats [ 44 ].

The plant also shows antiinflammatory, antimutagenic, anticarcinogenic, antidiarrhoeal activity. Pterocarpus marsupium: It is a deciduous moderate to large tree found in India mainly in hilly region.

Pterostilbene, a constituent derived from wood of this plant caused hypoglycemia in dogs [ 45 , 46 ] showed that the hypoglycemic activity of this extract is because of presence of tannates in the extract.

Flavonoid fraction from Pterocarpus marsupium has been shown to cause pancreatic beta cell regranulation [ 47 ].

Marsupin, pterosupin and liquiritigenin obtained from this plant showed antihyperlipidemic activity [ 48 ]. Trigonella foenum graecum: fenugreek It is found all over India and the fenugreek seeds are usually used as one of the major constituents of Indian spices. Administration of fenugreek seeds also improved glucose metabolism and normalized creatinine kinase activity in heart, skeletal muscle and liver of diabetic rats.

This plant also shows antioxidant activity [ 53 , 54 ]. Tinospora cordifolia: Guduchi It is a large, glabrous, deciduous climbing shrub belonging to the family Menispermaceae.

It is widely distributed throughout India and commonly known as Guduchi. Oral administration of the extract of Tinospora cordifolia T. The extract also prevented a decrease in body weight.

Oral administration of an aqueous T. It is reported that the daily administration of either alcoholic or aqueous extract of T. It has antioxidant properties and protects B cells from oxidative stress.

It exerts an insulin like action by reducing the glycated haemoglobin levels, normalizing the microalbuminurea and modulating the lipid profile. It minimizes long term diabetic complications. Epinsulin marketed by Swastik formulations, contains epicatechin, a benzopyran, as an active principle. Epicatechin increases the cAMP content of the islet, which is associated with increased insulin release. It plays a role in the conversion of proinsulin to insulin by increasing cathepsin activity.

It corrects the neuropathy, retinopathy and disturbed metabolism of glucose and lipids. It maintains the integrity of all organ systems affected by the disease. It is advised along with existing oral hypoglycemic drugs.

And is known to prevent diabetic complication. It has gentle hypoglycemic activity and hence induces no risk of being hypoglycemic. Pancreatic Tonic ayurvedic herbal supplement : Pancreas Tonic is a botanical mixture of traditional Indian Ayurvedic herbs currently available as a dietary supplement.

Bitter gourd powder marketed by Garry and Sun. Bitter Gourd has excellent medicinal virtues. It is antidotal, antipyretic tonic, appetizing, stomachic, antibilious and laxative. The bitter Gourd is also used in native medicines of Asia and Africa.

The Bitter gourd is specifically used as a folk medicine for diabetes.

It contains compounds like bitter glycosides, saponins, alkaloids, reducing sugars, phenolics, oils, free acids, polypeptides, sterols, amino acids including methionine and a crystalline product named p-insulin.

Supplement of Dj-dioscorins in the lymphoid cells isolated from Dj-dioscorins primed mice induced cell proliferation of both spleen and thymic cells. Further, it was also found that HN treatment stimulated phagocytosis in mice. A significant increase in total WBC count and relative weight of spleen and thymus was observed in mice during 30 days of treatment with HN It has been shown to regulate numerous transcription factors, cytokines, adhesion molecules, and enzymes that have been linked to inflammation.

In addition to inhibiting the growth of a variety of pathogens, curcumin has been shown to have nematocidal activity. The present study was designed to evaluate the schistosomicidal activity of curcumin in vivo as well as immunomodulation of granulomatous inflammation and liver pathology in acute schistosomiasis mansoni. In conclusion, curcumin treatment modulates cellular and humoral immune responses of infected mice and lead to a significant reduction of parasite burden and liver pathology in acute murine schistosomiasis mansoni.

Herbal formulation may be therefore recommended for use as positive immunomodulator. There are several botanical products with potential therapeutic applications because of their high efficacy, low cost and low toxicity. Faubert Kaplan B. Edited by Klassen C. South African Medical Journal, ; 88 1 : 50— Ostoya P, Revue d'histoire des sciences et de leurs application, ; 1: 60— Plotkin SA. Nature Medicine, ; 11 4 : S5— Vogel HG.

Kuby J. In Immunology, Edited by J. New York: W.

New Look to Phytomedicine

Freeman and Company. Wagner H. In vitro phagocytosis stimulation by isolated plant materials in a chemoluminescencephagocytosis model.

Planta Med. Makare N. Methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis: suggested guidelines for monitoring liver toxicity. Arthritis Rheum ; Upadhyay S.

In: Proceedings of the International ayurveda conference, Sanjay Gandhi post graduate institute of medical sciences, Lucknow. Dahanukar, S. Int J Biol Macromol.

Epub Nov 5. Ismail S , Asad M. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. Z Naturforsch C. Koch in mice. The Unani medicine system originated in Greece was found by ancient Greek philosophers.

It was documented and adopted by Muslims during the glorious period of Islamic civilization. Unani medicine system was brought to Indo—Pak subcontinent by Muslims scholars and practiced for centuries. It benefited from the Ayu system of medicine, which was an important component of Hindu civilization. Traditional Unani medicines were greatly depending on medicinal plants, apart from the animals and minerals [ 11 , 12 ].

However, despite of the rich heritage of knowledge on the uses of plant drugs, little attention had been paid to document them in the country till the latter part of the nineteenths century. From to date, a number of ethnobotanical investigations in various geographical regions of Pakistan had been conducted [ 9 , 13 — 16 ].

So, there is need to explore either the areas have treasure of knowledge about the medicinal uses of plants and bring them into documentation to save ethnobotanical information and plant life [ 19 ]. Pakistan, comprises of nine major ecological zones and four phytogeographical zones, is bestowed with unique biodiversity.

The country has about species of wild plants of which about — are considered to be medically important [ 20 ]. Because of modernizing trends, now traditional system is largely experienced only in the rural areas. Natural resources and cultures are under the pressure of continuous change derived by these trends.

Ethnobotanical study of this area has never been conducted.

[PDF Download] American Herbal Pharmacopoeia: Botanical Pharmacognosy…

The climate of the area is subjected to extreme variations. Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane are the main cash crops.

Guavas, Strawberries and Citrus are grown at a larger scale in this district.

Literacy rate of the villages is very low. Generally it is observed that most men in these areas are engaged in unskilled labor, while women are self-employed in petty trade of agriculture especially in the collection and trade of wild food and medicinal plants.

Mostly plants are used for many purposes like food, shelter and therapeutic agents. However, lack of scientific knowledge about the useable parts, proper time of collection and wasteful methods of collection lead to mismanagement of these plants. So, the indigenous knowledge is going to be depleted, Hence ethnobotanical survey is planned for NavaPind and ShahpurVirkan district Sheikhupura, province Punjab to document the traditional uses of medicinal plants in the area before the information is lost.

The main objective of present study was to document the indigenous therapeutic knowledge of plants.